Causes of diverse lower urinary tract diseases - LUTD
Firstly, Royal Canin set out for a better understanding of the problem. The term LUTD, or Lower Urinary Tract Disease is an umbrella term which is often used to describe various disorders that can range from being mildly discomforting to potentially life-threatening. To be able to help as many pets as possible, they researched the most common urinary disorders in cats and dogs and traced their risk factors.
Cystitis or bladder infection is one of the most common urinary diseases among cats and dogs and is not life-threatening in itself. If left untreated though, it can be dangerous. On second place were crystal formations or urolithiasis which can cause pain and extreme discomfort. Finally incontinence for dogs or a clogged bladder in cats are the third most common problem.
Among the common risk factors that emerged such as age, sex, breed and stress, an important risk factor in all of them was food related. This is not surprising. It always seemed natural to assume that the intake has a significant impact on what goes on in the body. However, finding out which specific nutrient has which effect was not so well known. Royal Canin was determined to find out the nutritional answer to these potential causes and create a compact range of products that can deal with various problems at once.
Things to focus on
As they continued to gather data and information, there were a couple of key solutions that were as elegant as they were simple.
First of all, it is vital to heighten the water intake. In all of the urinary care food provided by Royal Canin, the food is extra hydrated to dilute the urine of your pet. Think of the urinary tract as a well-oiled machine. If you put too much load on it at a specific moment, it might not function properly anmore. Likewise, if the urine of your pet is too saturated, it can not effectively excrete all the excess minerals from the body and cause kidney stones. Just as a machine needs oil to run smoothly, the urinary tract needs a lot of water to transport all the excess minerals out of the body. Studies showed that this technique is one of the easiest but best techniques to reduce the risk of LUTD.
Secondly, it's important to balance the intake of minerals before they enter the body. So, the food Royal Canin produces has low contents of minerals that can cause urolithiasis (kidney stones). For instance, RSS or Relative SuperSaturation is an indicator of how likely it is that minerals residing in the urine can form kidney stones. The low RSS indicates that by eating Royal Canin's Urinary Range, your pet has a lowered content of calcium-oxalate or struvite inducing minerals in its urine and is therefor less likely to develop kidney stones.
Finally, with age, different degenerative changes in the immune system, kidneys, stress, muscles can cause your dog to respond in a wide variety of ways that need to be approached in a whole other way. These nutrients are specifically aimed to help older dogs and are not interchangeable with the conclusions drawn from the first part of the research. That is why Royal Canin split up their range into 2 main lines. Urinary S/O and Urinary S/O ageing
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